“We are at the end of the summer, for the fox born at the beginning of March of this year, somewhere near home, it is the worst moment of its short existence.
A puppy brother, has died down shot by the hunters at the beginning of the mid-August mid-season. Another fell on the road on a crazy quad, like others who die on the roads. The most terrible death, however, has been that of an adult fox of the family, in a trap hidden among the branches of the ground, which cut off his leg. He died bled after two nights, amid groans of pain, and full of a grief that his instinct will never forget. “
Generalidad de Cataluña: Media veda temporada 2015-2016:
Del 15 de agosto al 15 de septiembre.
Especies: Codorniz, Tórtola, Tudó, Paloma bravía, Garza, Estornino pinto, Gaviota reidora, Gaviota patiamarilla y Zorro.
The fox, (“Vulpes vulpes”) also known as fox, fox or renard is a mammal of the canid family. In our regions, it is an omnivorous and opportunistic feeding animal that feeds on everything, and is basically frugivorous and insectivorous. The studies of the biologists Joan Barril and Isabel Mate in their book “The Fox in Catalonia”, made based on the analysis of feces, determined that foxes feed mainly on fruits and seeds, insects and invertebrates, and micromammals. The appearance of birds and rabbits in their diet is occasional (in many cases they are sick or dead animals). The consumption of game species varies in areas with a high population density of birds or rabbits.
Interestingly, it is shocking to see how the traditional image transmits an iconography of the fox like a carnivorous animal. It is also common that the tales, fables and popular and collective memory, consider the fox as a wolverine bug, petty thief, distrustful and rogue, always lurking in the corrals to steal chickens that are no longer within reach.
On the other hand, the reality of the fox, studied scientifically by biologists around the world, draws us as a fascinating animal. Nothing to do with the demonized image that, exploited by certain interests, condemn him to be the victim of indiscriminate hunting and capture in the 21st century.
The fox has an incredible olfactory capacity that allows him to smell a mole a meter underground, or identify another fox at long distances, thanks to its supracaudal glands. They use the ear to measure distances, to warn of danger, or to receive communications from their peers. Their nocturnal visibility is total, and the touch of the sensitive hair of the legs and snout gives them the confidence to know where they are at each moment.
In addition to its physical and sensitive capabilities, it has been proven that the fox is an animal endowed with memory and intuition. He is skilled, and adapts like nobody else in his environment, has wit and cunning, is smart and smart, capable of improvising complex strategies to survive.
The fox knows that being incautious means his death. But unfortunately the foxes have a weak point: Their sense of taste does not allow them to detect the taste of the poison. In many places, during the last decades they have been massively poisoned.
Humans use the weapon of defamation to hold him responsible for all evils. When an epidemic caused by man decimates small game, it is the fault of the foxes. When a dog takes scabies, it’s the foxes’ fault. When the birds and partridges poisoned by the agrochemicals that we spill in the fields disappear, it is the fault of the foxes.
The fox’s only fault is to be a beautiful animal. Its soft skin, blond, cream or coal, is the only object of its indiscriminate hunting, allowed by a supposed control of the densities of the fox population.
As a canid, and as an adaptable animal, foxes have a diverse and complex social organization. The family group is formed by a dominant and territorial male, a breeding female, and two or three subordinate female helpers, as well as puppies. Sporadically, there is an assistant subordinate male who cooperates in raising a litter, with the provision of food.
The family group dominates a territorial area, depending on the food available for its survival, and will defend with complex tricks, any incursion of its congeners. The family group as a territorial social organization regulates the reproduction itself and the population density of the territory.
The ideal habitat of the fox, is a mixed landscape of dry forested areas with small hills and small open spaces. The change of habitats affects its territorial distribution, as well as the construction of infrastructures and the physical closures of large rustic plots.
The Segarra of hills and margins, which is mixed by valleys and commas with the plain of Urgell is one of the favorite habitats of our fox. The humans that unknowingly coexist, we ignore almost everything about her.
We are a privileged country, of open and firm people, of a beautiful landscape like few others. A land that gives us authentic and quality products. With a unique and splendid artistic and architectural heritage. We are a country where history is felt in each place and in each corner. And we also have and enjoy an immense natural heritage to know and admire.
Know and admire the fox. Respect it and observe it. Disseminate their values and their uniqueness as a species adapted to our environment. Make the fox symbol and reference of our regions of Urgell and Segarra.
If we want, we have a new job, immense and passionate in our hands. The fox awaits us, to recover with it the heritage of dry stone, made of margins and cabins, where it has a burrow.
“I had learned to scratch and hunt, first as a game, digging the anthills with their brothers, hunting flies in fits and starts, making jumps and a thousand bizarre lapses, which the agile body of a fox cub was able to perform. the most appropriate place and they jumped on each other at the least carelessness.It was the most useful game of his life: To live always alert, to find food, to hunt or to avoid being hunted.
Remember everything. Every place, every smell and every stone. Make memory of the noises, of the branches and of the paths, attentive to the slightest change, attentive to everything, attentive to intuit the smallest trap. Learn to speak and communicate, to recognize their own, only with the smell of air. Measure distances with the ear. Know where you are, with the touch of the legs on the ground. Smell and feel the mole underground, scratch until you find it. Knowing how to see and know how to look, so that everything fits, both day and night. “
Jaume Ramon Solé.
1.- “The fox in Catalonia”. Joan Barrull and Isabel Mate. “Natura Collection No. 4”. “LA AGUJA editions of popular culture”. Tarragona. November 2007.
2.- “Fox diet (Vulpes vulpes) in the Natural Park of Sant Llorenç del Munt and the Obac”. Tomás Ballesteros Salla and Artur degollada Soler. “V Encuentro de Estudiosos de Sant Llorenç del Munt i l’Obac” Monografías 35, Barcelona 2002.
3.- “Annual diet of the fox, Vulpes vulpes, in two inhabited of the Doñana National Park”. José María Fedriani. “Doñana biological station (CSIC), Seville 1996.