“Deus lo volt” was the war cry of the First Crusade of Christianity in the year 1069. From this cry and this crusade was born the religious and military order of the Temple: the knights-monks that have generated so much literature and history.
Two religious military orders, first that of the Templars and then that of the Hospitallers, dominated the history of the lands surrounding the “Torre del Codina” for six centuries.
The Castle of Granyena was the first settlement of “the Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon” in Catalonia, for the donation made to them in the year 1,131 by the Count of Barcelona Ramón Berenguer III, where they established the Templar ‘Comanda’ from Granyena.
In 1181 King Alfonso the Troubadour handed them the term of Montornés and Mas de Bondia, and in 1269 the economic strength of the ‘Comanda’ from Granyena allowed them to buy from Saura de Ponts, Madame del Talladell, the castle and term of the Talladell “with all the inhabitants, terms and rights”. Such was the power of the order that during the Middle Ages the best lands of the term of Tàrrega were their property. The entire Ondara map within the term of Tàrrega was called “La Plana de Granyena”.
The Temple order functioned as a multinational of the 21st century. To achieve their foundational objective, which was the conquest of the Temple and the Sacred Sites of Jerusalem, they established an international network of “Comandes” with properties, businesses and jurisdictions that dominated economic, financial and commercial transactions, as well as technology, the knowledge, transportation, and they had a regular army and a powerful maritime fleet.
The nobility of the medieval era and the traditional church, began to fear the wealth and power of the order, and in 1312 the Pope of Rome dissolved the order and its main leaders were imprisoned.
The properties of the Templars passed to other religious orders, and in the case of the ‘Comanda’ from Granyena it passed to the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem known as the hospital. According to the Grand Prior of the Order, when in 1660 he visited the ‘Comanda’ from Granyena, in “El Talladell” the criminal jurisdiction belonged to the Villa de Tàrrega and the order had a demolished castle that “vuy serveix de corral”.
The influence of the Order of the Hospitallers fell into decline when Napoleon occupied and conquered the island of Malta in 1798. In our country, the Confiscation of Religious Assets Act of the 1830s made goods and properties pass into private hands.
From this short history of Templars and Hospitallers we can take advantage of this land full of history and visit places of La Segarra and Urgell as interesting as Mas de Bondia, Granyena, Montornès, Verdú, Ametlla de Segarra, Guimerà or Vallfogona de Riucorb.
Here you can visit a virtual view of this beautiful, unique and unknown “Espacio natural Protegido de Granyena”
La Torre del Codina
January 25, 2020.