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Improvement of the habitat, through the creation of plant margins

Habitat improvement, through the creation of vegetal margins with the restoration of the habitat of community interest of carrascar, to the Torre del Codina farm

1.- Estate management:

Over the last few years, the crops on the 10.66 hectare Torre del Codina farm have been diversified. It has gone from a single cereal monoculture to 3.5 hectares. of olive and vineyard. 4.8 ha. of cereals and legumes, in addition to the 2.3 ha. not cultivated, where a variety of trees and shrubs have been planted such as: Holm oaks (Quercus ilex), Hackberries (Celtis australis), Xipresos (Cupressus semprevivens), Figueres (Ficus carica), Serveres (Sorbus domestica), Aladierno (Rhamus alaternus), Pomegranates (Punica granatum). The growth of hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), mastic (Pistacia lentiscus), small-leaf elm (ulmus minor), càdec (Juniperus oxycedrus), wild olive (Olea europaeasylvestris), etc. has been favored.

Estate management

2.- Area of ​​ecological interest:

The farm is within the area defined by the Tàrrega City Council in the Catalog and the Special Plan for the Protection of the Natural Heritage of Tàrrega drawn up in 2006, as an Area of ​​Ecological Interest “Les Garrigues” and within the territorial scope of the Protected Natural Areas (PEIN), of the Secans of Lleida, ZEPA area, Xarxa Natura 2000 of Granyena.

Granyena
Farm situation within the ZEPA of Granyena (source Generalitat de Catalunya)

3.- Organic farming farm:

The farm of 10.66 ha. is of organic agriculture, registered with the Catalan Council for Ecological Agricultural Production, where a significant part of its surface, 2.30 ha, is allocated. in agroforestry space, to favor the maintenance of habitats and biodiversity.

CCPAE-segell-producte

4.- Biosphere certified rural house:

The existing building on the farm is used as a rural tourism house specialized in ecotourism and with the “Biosphere” certification, for social, economic, ecological and cultural sustainability, included in the 17 sustainable development objectives of the Agenda 2030 of the United Nations.

Biosphere 2023

5.- Subsidized project for the year 2023-2024 in the natural spaces of Catalonia, habitats and species, within the framework of the Rural Development Program of Catalonia 2014-2022 by the Department of Territory and Sustainability of the Generalitat of Catalonia

Creation of oak forest margins, to expand and restore the habitat of community interest: Oak forest of Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia (code 9340, annex I of Directive 92/43/EC), in spaces of 1,455 m2, in four strips of a total of 291 meters in length by five meters in width.

Carcass habitat within the plot of Torre del Codina
Carcass habitat within the plot of Torre del Codina

6.- Actions taken:

6.1.- Preparation and planting of 175 trees with planting frames. of 8 m., along the 291 linear meters of strip, at a minimum distance between trees of 2 m and the fertilizer, and first irrigation of the following species:

40 un. QUERCUS ILEX CONT. 10 LTS.
15 un. ACER MONSPESSULANUM CONT. 10 LTS.
10 un. NOGUER JUGLANS REGIA CONT. 3,5 LTS.
10 un. SAVINA JUNIPERUS PHOENICEA CONT 10 LTS.
10 un. PERELLONER PYRUS SPINOSA CONT 10 LTS.
15 un. SERVERA SORBUS DOMESTICA CONT 3,5 LTS.
15 un. OM COMU ULMUS MINOR CONT 10 LTS.
15 un. CÀDEC JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS CONT 10 LTS.
20 un. ARANYONER PRUNUS SPINOSA CONT 3,5 LTS.
15 un. TAMARIU TAMARIX AFRICANA CONT 10 LTS.
10 un. ROURE F. P QUERCUS FAGINEA CONT 3,5 LTS.

6.2.- Preparation and planting of 235 plants and shrubs, in the framework of planting. of 2 m. (1,4 m x 1,4 m), along the 291 linear meters of strip, with fertilizer and first irrigation, of the following species:

20 un. RHAMUS LYCIOIDES
20 un. XUCLAMEL LONICERA ETRUSCA
20 un. LLIGABOSC LONICERA XYLOSTEUM
20 un. SPARTIUM JUNCEUM
25 un. COLUTEA ARBORESCENS
20 un PISTACEA LENTISCLUS
25 un. RHAMUS ALATERNUS
20 un. ALADERN F.P PHYLLIREA ANGUST.
25 un. PUNICA GRANATUM
20 un. CRATAEGUS MONOGYNA
20 un. AMELANCHIER OVALIS

6.3.- Collection of 300 gorse and oak acorns in mid-autumn around the farm, conservation and subsequent manual sowing at a depth of 2-3 cm.

MARGES VEGETALS Torre

7.- Result of the action.

Trees, shrubs and acorns will be planted during the week between March 18 and 22, shortly after the generous rains of March 8 and 9 that left the land well seasoned. During that week it was watered every day after planting, and the rains of March 25 and 26 were providential to keep the soil moist until mid-April when, due to high temperatures, it was again irrigate the entire plantation, until the generous rains arrived from April 26 to 30, which left the land irrigated until well into the middle of May, waiting for new rainfall. Now the entire plantation is responding well and despite the fact that some species of plant have suffered at the beginning, new shoots are sprouting in all of them which make it possible to foresee a good rooting of the plant.

With the support of the Generalitat de Catalunya

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